When the roots of a tooth become inflamed or infected, it can cause serious pain and discomfort. Root canal treatmentremoves the infected and decayed root and pulp to relieve pain and keep tooth health. When a tooth is no longer infected, your oral health is restored and your pain is relieved.
The Roots of a Tooth
A single tooth extends far beyond the visible enamel. Tooth roots extend below the gum and consist of nerves and living tissue (pulp). When this becomes damaged, bacteria begin to form within the pulp chamber, it can cause an infection or abscess beyond the roots of the tooth.
Why Do I Need a Root Canal?
When the infection spreads and forms an abscess, the damage does not stop there. A root canal is necessary to remove the infection and prevent oral health issues such as:
Swelling in the face, head or neck.
Bone loss around the tooth root.
Drainage from the tooth and into the gums or cheek.
General tooth pain and decay.
Additionally, an infected tooth can cause issues for other surrounding teeth and cause oral health problems in the future.
Root Canal Treatment
During root canal treatment, a dentist will administer local anesthesia. Next, the dentist will use a variety of tools to reach the inner tooth chamber, remove the infected root and pulp, and clean the area. Finally, the tooth will be filled and a permanent crown will be made to protect the remaining tooth.